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DANIEL 8:5F NOTABLE HORN BETWEEN HIS EYES

Updated: Dec 13, 2022

CHAPTER 5 - F



It was Phillip II the father of Alexander the Great that had the original vision to conquer the then known ruler of the world, Medo-Persia. But it was Alexander the Great who made the choice or decision to carry out his father’s vision. In the same way it was Satan’s vision to win the inhabitants of the world over spiritually. But by the merits of Jesus Christ, it is our choice or decision to carry out or not carry out Satan’s vision. The following is a study on the notable horn of the first king of Greece and the covenant relationship Satan would like to make with you.


Daniel 8:5 And as I was considering, behold, an he goat came from the west on the face of the whole earth, and touched not the ground: and the goat had a notable horn between his eyes.

https://www.kingjamesbibleonline.org/Daniel-Chapter-8/


Daniel 8:21 And the rough goat is the king of Grecia: and the great horn that is between his eyes is the first king.

https://www.kingjamesbibleonline.org/Daniel-Chapter-8/


The great horn is the first king of Greece according to Daniel 8:21. At first, we might think this to be Alexander the Great. But of the Hellenistic age or age that conquered the Medes and the Persians to become a world power it was Philip II, king of Macedon and Greece (359–336 B.C.) the father of Alexander the Great. To find out how he thought and acted, see the following:

“Although he is often only remembered for being the father of Alexander the Great, Philip II of Macedon (reigned 359 BCE - 336 BCE) was an accomplished king and military commander in his own right, setting the stage for his son’s victory over Darius III and the conquest of Persia. Philip inherited a weak, backward country with an ineffective, undisciplined army and molded them into a formidable, efficient military force, eventually subduing the territories around Macedonia as well as subjugating most of Greece. He used bribery, warfare, and threats to secure his kingdom. However, without his insight and determination, history would never have heard of Alexander.” https://www.ancient.eu/Philip_II_of_Macedon/

“What allowed Philip the second of Macedonia to conquer Greece?

And in the south a Thessaly divided against itself gave him an entry into Greece. These same 10 years saw central Greece immersed in the Sacred War to liberate Delphi from its occupation by the Phocians, enabling Philip to intervene as the ally of Thebes and the Thessalian League of city states.


How was Macedonia able to conquer Greece so easily?

Greece was easily conquered by Macedonia because the city-states had grown weak and were unable to cooperate with each other in time to make a formidable opponent to the invaders.


Why was Philip II and the Macedonians able to conquer Greece?

How was Philip II able to conquer Greece?


He organized his troops into phalanxes of 16 men across and 16 deep, each one armed with an 18-foot pike. Philip used this heavy phalanx formation to break through enemy lines. Then he used fast moving cavalry to crush his disorganized opponents.


What enabled the Macedonian conquest of Greece?


The Macedonian hegemony over Greece was secured by their victory over a Greek coalition army led by Athens and Thebes, at the Battle of Chaeronea in 338 BC.

How did Philip II take control of Greece?


Philip used his military knowledge to strengthen the Macedonian army. … King Philip’s military battles and diplomatic tactics resulted in the expansion of his empire and domination over all of Greece. After he conquered Greece, he planned to conquer the Persian Empire, but he would never achieve this goal.

What Macedonian king conquered almost all of Greece?


Although king of ancient Macedonia for less than 13 years, Alexander the Great changed the course of history. One of the world’s greatest military generals, he created a vast empire that stretched from Macedonia to Egypt and from Greece to part of India. This allowed for Hellenistic culture to become widespread.

Why did Philip conquer Greece?


Philip was able to defeat Greece because few Greeks responded to Athens’s call for all Greeks to join together to fight. As a result, the armies of Athens and their chief ally were easily defeated.


What steps did Alexander take to create his empire?


What did Greece conquer?


The Hellenistic period ended with the conquest of the eastern Mediterranean world by the Roman Republic, and the annexation of the Roman province of Macedonia in Roman Greece, and later the province of Achaea during the Roman Empire.

How did Alexander conquer Greece?


He gained the support of the Macedonian army and intimidated the Greek city states that Philip had conquered into accepting his rule. After campaigns in the Balkans and Thrace, Alexander moved against Thebes, a city in Greece that had risen up in rebellion. He conquered it in 335 B.C. and had the city destroyed.


What made it easy for Philip to conquer the Balkan Peninsula?


Greece was divided and weak because of the Peloponnesian War. The condition of Greece that made it easy for Philip II to conquer almost all the Greek city-states.


What encouraged King Philip to expand his empire into the city-states of Greece?


Gold was discovered at Mt. Olympus and he wanted to mine for it. The Greek gods came to life and granted wishes to the people of Greece.

https://lisbdnet.com/what-allowed-philip-of-macedonia-to-conquer-greece/


“In 336 BCE a former friend and lover of Philip, Pausanias, became angry with Philip over a personal matter and stabbed him to death. Alexander was quickly crowned as the king. Plutarch wrote, “… Pausanias, having had an outrage done to him at the instance of Attalus and Cleopatra, when he found he could get no reparation for his disgrace at Philip’s hands, watched his opportunity and murdered him. The guilt of which fact was laid for the most part upon Olympias, who was said to have encouraged and exasperated the enraged youth to revenge …” Olympias’ supposed part in the assassination has never been proven; however, it was widely known that she had always wanted the throne for Alexander. Philip’s new wife and child were quickly put to death by Olympias, eliminating any significant claimant to the throne. After subduing any serious threats to his rule, Alexander fulfilled his father’s dream and invaded Persia.” https://www.ancient.eu/Philip_II_of_Macedon/

Literally, “the great horn that is between his eyes is the first king” would be Phillip II dream to conquer the Persian Empire and to rule the world. He passed this desire on to his son, Alexander the Great.

The Hebrew word “horn” from Daniel 8:5 is a figure for power.

HORN H7161

ן qeren, keh'-ren; from H7160; a horn (as projecting); by implication, a flask, cornet; by resemblance. an elephant's tooth (i.e. ivory), a corner (of the altar), a peak (of a mountain), a ray (of light); figuratively, power:—× hill, horn. https://www.blueletterbible.org/lang/Lexicon/Lexicon.cfm?strongs=H7161&t=KJV


Horns in the Bible are a prophetic symbol for power. An example of this is found in Genesis 33:17.

Genesis 33:17 His glory is like the firstling of his bullock, and his horns are like the horns of unicorns: with them he shall push the people together to the ends of the earth: and they are the ten thousands of Ephraim, and they are the thousands of Manasseh.

https://www.kingjamesbibleonline.org/Deuteronomy-Chapter-33/


See also: 1 Samuel 2:10; Psalms 89:17; Habakkuk 3:4

Power according to the dictionary is :

1)the ability to do something or act in a particular way, especially as a faculty or quality.

"the power of speech"

Synonyms for power: ability, capacity, capability, potential, faculty, competence"

2)"the capacity or ability to direct or influence the behavior of others or the course of events".

https://www.google.com/search?q=power+definition&oq=power+definition&aqs=chrome..69i57j0l5.7481j1j7&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8.


Power can be used for good or bad. The He-goat being Greece has one horn or special power by which it influences the behavior of the world. And that horn is defined in Daniel 8:21 as the first Grecian king. And looking at the origin of the Greek power Alexander the Great we find his father Phillip II (1st Greek king of the Hellenistic age) and it was his dream to conquer the Medes and Persians. The power used is the art of force or war as regards Phillip II and how he trained his son Alexander the Great. However, the power is also defined by the word notable in scripture as a compact or agreement or revelation. When looking for such a thing with Phillip II, I found the following:

….”To give each man a sense of unity and solidarity, he provided uniforms and required an oath of allegiance to the king: each soldier would no longer be loyal to a particular town or province but faithful only to the king.”….

https://www.ancient.eu/Philip_II_of_Macedon/


Daniel 8:21 And the rough goat is the king of Grecia: and the great horn that is between his eyes is the first king.

https://www.kingjamesbibleonline.org/Daniel-Chapter-8/


The Hebrew word for “notable” from Daniel 8:5 means appearance, revelation, compact, agreement, notable, vision.

NOTABLE H2380

חָזוּת châzûwth, khaw-zooth'; from H2372; a look; hence (figuratively) striking appearance, revelation, or (by implication) compact:—agreement, notable (one), vision. https://www.blueletterbible.org/lang/lexicon/lexicon.cfm?Strongs=H2380&t=KJV


This horn is unique in that it is striking in appearance. It is a revelation or compact: meaning an agreement, or covenant. In Hebrew thinking religion is a covenant relationship with God. That covenant rightly understood is accepting or agreeing to the gospel or revelation of Jesus Christ as our personal Savior. However, it is interesting that this word is used in relation to a power or horn, which directly opposes God's will. This horn also opposes the two horns or powers given by the kings of the Medes and Persians which enabled freedom for His people to worship Him and to have a government under God.

Daniel 8:7 And I saw him come close unto the ram, and he was moved with choler against him, and smote the ram, and brake his two horns: and there was no power in the ram to stand before him,…

https://www.kingjamesbibleonline.org/Daniel-Chapter-8/


In the Bible there are both covenants made with God and covenants made with evil powers.

An evil example would be:

Isaiah 28:15 Because ye have said, We have made a covenant with death, and with hell are we at agreement; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, it shall not come unto us: for we have made lies our refuge, and under falsehood have we hid ourselves:

16 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD, Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner stone, a sure foundation: he that believeth shall not make haste.

17 Judgment also will I lay to the line, and righteousness to the plummet: and the hail shall sweep away the refuge of lies, and the waters shall overflow the hiding place.

18 And your covenant with death shall be disannulled, and your agreement with hell shall not stand; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, then ye shall be trodden down by it.

https://www.kingjamesbibleonline.org/Isaiah-Chapter-28/

From the Strong’s Concordance, the Hebrew words “between his eyes” are defined as the place of knowledge.

BETWEEN HIS EYES H5869:

עַיִן ʻayin, ah'-yin; probably a primitive word; an eye (literally or figuratively); by analogy, a fountain (as the eye of the landscape):—affliction, outward appearance, before, think best, colour, conceit, be content, countenance, displease, eye((-brow), (-d), -sight), face, favour, fountain, furrow (from the margin), × him, humble, knowledge, look, (+ well), × me, open(-ly), + (not) please, presence, regard, resemblance, sight, × thee, × them, + think, × us, well, × you(-rselves). https://www.blueletterbible.org/lang/lexicon/lexicon.cfm?Strongs=H5869&t=KJV


The words “between his eyes” are significant also in Hebrew thought for a thing of prominence, like the heart of the landscape, or it is also symbolic of the seat of thinking. And in Hebrew it was symbolic of keeping the covenant law of God in their prominent in their thinking or heart. An example is as follows:


Deuteronomy 6:1 Now these are the commandments, the statutes, and the judgments, which the LORD your God commanded to teach you, that ye might do them in the land whither ye go to possess it:

2 That thou mightest fear the LORD thy God, to keep all his statutes and his commandments, which I command thee, thou, and thy son, and thy son's son, all the days of thy life; and that thy days may be prolonged.

3 Hear therefore, O Israel, and observe to do it; that it may be well with thee, and that ye may increase mightily, as the LORD God of thy fathers hath promised thee, in the land that floweth with milk and honey.

4 Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God is one LORD:

5 And thou shalt love the LORD thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might.

6 And these words, which I command thee this day, shall be in thine heart:

7 And thou shalt teach them diligently unto thy children, and shalt talk of them when thou sittest in thine house, and when thou walkest by the way, and when thou liest down, and when thou risest up.

8And thou shalt bind them for a sign upon thine hand, and they shall be as frontlets between thine eyes. https://www.kingjamesbibleonline.org/Deuteronomy-Chapter-6/

To summarize the He-goat has a prominent appearance or revelation or covenant or agreement in his thinking or heart to challenge as we shall see in the Daniel 8:7, the two horns of the Medes and the Persians.

Put on our spiritual thinking caps. God used this symbol of the first king of Greece to help us see the bigger war against God, waged in our world by Satan. This horn is defined in Daniel 8:21 as the first King of Grecia. Spiritually, the Bible defines Grecia as the Gentile world or the world that does not know, worship or recognize God. Satan is the first king of the Gentile world! Let us use Satan's first connection with man and look at Satan’s thinking and how his thinking opposes that of God. Satan obtained a covenant relationship with our world through deceit and based it on our own sin and subsequent doubt and fear of God.

Genesis 3:1 Now the serpent was more subtil than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden?

2 And the woman said unto the serpent, We may eat of the fruit of the trees of the garden:

3 But of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God hath said, Ye shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die.

4 And the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die:

5 For God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil.

6 And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat.

7 And the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together, and made themselves aprons.

8 And they heard the voice of the LORD God walking in the garden in the cool of the day: and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the LORD God amongst the trees of the garden.

9 And the LORD God called unto Adam, and said unto him, Where art thou?

10 And he said, I heard thy voice in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked; and I hid myself.

11 And he said, Who told thee that thou wast naked? Hast thou eaten of the tree, whereof I commanded thee that thou shouldest not eat?

https://www.kingjamesbibleonline.org/Genesis-Chapter-3/

1. Note that Satan does not appear as Satan but rather uses the medium of a serpent which is the art of spiritualism.

2. So via the serpent, Satan questioned the WORD of GOD. Yea, hath God said ....

3. Satan then directly challenged and opposed the WORD of GOD and lied in that he said "you shall not surely die."

4. He flattered Eve to make her think she could be equal to God; she was already made in the image of God and like God. But he tempted her to think she was not.

5. He caused her to resent God in giving a distorted perception of God’s character in that he suggested God was withholding something from her.

6. He used the senses, or beauty to the eye, to appeal to Eve.

7. He caused her to use her mind against God analytically to see if the tree was good for food or not. God had already told her it was not and that she would die if she ate of it. Reasoning with the devil is how Eve began to doubt God. Could it be that Satan (the serpent) uses the same techniques today?

The result of not trusting God, was sin. The consequence of sin was guilt, which made Adam and Eve afraid of God, causing them to hide from Him. Separation from God the Life Giver causes death. God does not want us to be afraid of Him and leave Him and die. He knows that for us to live we need Him, but He cannot force us to come to Him because love is not forced. As a result of sin, He came to unite Himself with us in death that we might see His love and forget our fear and be reconciled to Him and choose His gift of life.

God’s question to Adam and Eve was "Who told thee....?" In other words, Who are you listening to? Or who do you believe? Whoever we believe from the heart and obey, his servant or children we are.

Romans 6:16 Know ye not, that to whom ye yield yourselves servants to obey, his servants ye are to whom ye obey; whether of sin unto death, or of obedience unto righteousness?

17 But God be thanked, that ye were the servants of sin, but ye have obeyed from the heart that form of doctrine which was delivered you.

18 Being then made free from sin, ye became the servants of righteousness.

https://www.kingjamesbibleonline.org/Romans-Chapter-6/


Friends there is a spiritual battle over the battleground of our hearts and minds. Satan has his covenant just as God has His. The question is, which side will you choose? Using the knowlege you have gained regarding this battle, please contemplate the following texts. God is inviting you to allow Him to reign in your heart and mind.

Daniel 8:21 And the rough goat is the king of Grecia: and the great horn that is between his eyes is the first king.

https://www.kingjamesbibleonline.org/Daniel-Chapter-8/


Zechariah 9:13 When I have bent Judah for me, filled the bow with Ephraim, and raised up thy sons, O Zion, against thy sons, O Greece, and made thee as the sword of a mighty man.

https://www.kingjamesbibleonline.org/Zechariah-Chapter-9/


Colossians 3:10 And have put on the new man, which is renewed in knowledge after the image of him that created him:

11 Where there is neither Greek nor Jew, circumcision nor uncircumcision, Barbarian, Scythian, bond nor free: but Christ is all, and in all.

https://www.kingjamesbibleonline.org/Colossians-Chapter-3/

The Bible plainly warns us that we can choose to be sons and daughters of God by the merits of Jesus Christ or remain sons and daughters of the devil.

John 8:44 Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it.

https://www.kingjamesbibleonline.org/John-Chapter-8/


1 John 3:8 He that committeth sin is of the devil; for the devil sinneth from the beginning. For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that he might destroy the works of the devil.

9 Whosoever is born of God doth not commit sin; for his seed remaineth in him: and he cannot sin, because he is born of God.

10 In this the children of God are manifest, and the children of the devil: whosoever doeth not righteousness is not of God, neither he that loveth not his brother.

11 For this is the message that ye heard from the beginning, that we should love one another.

12 Not as Cain, who was of that wicked one, and slew his brother. And wherefore slew he him? Because his own works were evil, and his brother's righteous. https://www.kingjamesbibleonline.org/1-John-Chapter-3/


If we choose to be the sons and daughters of the devil or Satan, we choose destruction. For that is what his name Apollyon in Greek means.


Revelation 9:11 And they had a king over them, which is the angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in the Hebrew tongue is Abaddon, but in the Greek tongue hath his name Apollyon. https://www.kingjamesbibleonline.org/Revelation-Chapter-9/


APOLLYON G623:

Ἀπολλύων Apollýōn, ap-ol-loo'-ohn; active participle of G622; a destroyer (i.e. Satan):—Apollyon. https://www.blueletterbible.org/lang/Lexicon/Lexicon.cfm?strongs=G623&t=KJV

Jeremiah 4:7 The lion is come up from his thicket, and the destroyer of the Gentiles is on his way; he is gone forth from his place to make thy land desolate; and thy cities shall be laid waste, without an inhabitant. https://www.kingjamesbibleonline.org/Jeremiah-Chapter-4/

2 Thessalonians 2:7 For the mystery of iniquity doth already work: only he who now letteth will let, until he be taken out of the way.

8 And then shall that Wicked be revealed, whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit of his mouth, and shall destroy with the brightness of his coming:

9 Even him, whose coming is after the working of Satan with all power and signs and lying wonders,

10 And with all deceivableness of unrighteousness in them that perish; because they received not the love of the truth, that they might be saved.

11 And for this cause God shall send them strong delusion, that they should believe a lie:

12 That they all might be damned who believed not the truth, but had pleasure in unrighteousness.

https://www.kingjamesbibleonline.org/2-Thessalonians-Chapter-2/


John 10:10 The thief cometh not, but for to steal, and to kill, and to destroy: I am come that they might have life, and that they might have it more abundantly.

https://www.kingjamesbibleonline.org/John-Chapter-10/


God used His power to give life. Satan uses his power to destroy life. God used his power to reconcile the world to Himself. Satan would use his power to separate us from our source of life, God. God would tell us the truth. Satan would tell us a lie. Who will you choose?

CHAPTER SUMMARY


In summary we have learned that literally, the great horn on the He-goat represents the first king of Greece who was Philip II, king of Macedon and Greece (359–336 B.C.) the father of Alexander the Great. King Philip’s military battles and diplomatic tactics resulted in the expansion of his empire and domination over all of Greece. After he conquered Greece, he planned to conquer the Persian Empire, but he died and his son, Alexander, carried out his dream. However, without the insight and determination of king Philip, history would never have heard of Alexander. Greece was divided from internal strife and war which made it weak and easy to be conquered by Philip II.

The Hebrew word “horn” from Daniel 8:5 is a figure for power. Power according to the dictionary is “the capacity or ability to direct or influence the behavior of others or the course of events".

In Daniel 8:5 the He-goat being the first king of Greece or Philip II has one horn or special power by which it influences the behavior. Looking at the origin of the Greek power Alexander the Great we find his father Phillip II had a dream or vision to conquer the Medes and Persians. Because of death he was unable to carry out his dream, but he used his power to influence and train his son to carry out his dream using the art of force or war.

The great horn power is also defined by the meaning of the Hebrew word “notable” in scripture and means a compact or agreement or revelation. When looking for a compact agreement regarding Phillip II we found that to give each man a sense of unity and solidarity, he provided uniforms and required an oath of allegiance to the king so each soldier would no longer be loyal to a particular town or province but faithful only to the king.

In the same way Philip II used His power to influence His son, so Satan, the king of the Gentile world uses his power to influence the world. The word meaning notable regarding this horn is unique in that it means striking in appearance. It is a revelation or compact meaning an agreement, or covenant. This word “notable” is used in relation to a power or horn, which directly opposes God's will because he opposed the two horns or powers given by the kings of the Medes and Persians which enabled freedom for His people to worship Him and to have a government under God. He had his own covenant he made with evil powers.

From the Strong’s Concordance, the Hebrew words “between his eyes” are defined as the place of knowledge or thinking. The He-goat has a prominent appearance or revelation or covenant or agreement in his thinking or heart to challenge as we shall see in the Daniel 8:7, the two horns of the Medes and the Persians.

God used this symbol of the first king of Greece to help us see the bigger war against God, waged in our world by Satan. This horn is defined in Daniel 8:21 as the first King of Grecia. Spiritually, the Bible defines Grecia as the Gentile world or the world that does not know, worship or recognize God. The first king of the Gentile world is Satan? Satan's first connection with man tells us a lot about Satan’s thinking and how his thinking opposes that of God or his methods. He deceptively works through mediums. He questions Gods Word. He opposes God’s Word with words of his own. He flatters. He distorts our perception of God. He works through our senses. He gets us arguing and reasoning with himself causing us to use our mind against God. Summarily, Satan obtained a covenant relationship with our world through deceit causing us to doubt and fear God with the result that man stopped trusting God and put his trust in Satan.

The result of not trusting God, was sin. The consequence of sin was guilt, which made Adam and Eve afraid of God, causing them to hide from Him. Separation from God the Life Giver caused death. God does not want us to be afraid of Him and leave Him and die. He knows that for us to live we need Him, but He cannot force us to come to Him because love is not forced. God believes in the freedom of choice, in freedom of speech and knowlege. As a result of sin, He came to unite Himself with us in death that we might understand His love and forget our fear and be reconciled to Him and choose His gift of life.

God’s question to Adam and Eve was "Who told thee....?" In other words, Who are you listening to? Or who do you believe? Whoever we believe from the heart and obey, his servant or children we are. There is a spiritual battle over the battleground of our hearts and minds. Satan has his covenant just as God has His. The question is, which side will you choose? The Bible plainly warns us that we can choose to be sons and daughters of God by the merits of Jesus Christ or remain sons and daughters of the devil.

If we choose to be the sons and daughters of the devil or Satan, we choose destruction. For that is what his name Apollyon in Greek means.

It was Phillip II the father of Alexander the Great that had the original vision to conquer the then known ruler of the world, Medo-Persia. But it was Alexander the Great who made the choice or decision to carry out his father’s vision. In the same way it was Satan’s vision to win the inhabitants of the world over spiritually. But by the merits of Jesus Christ, it is our choice or decision to carry out or not carry out Satan’s vision. This is a study on the covenant relationship Satan would like to make with you.


God used His power to give life. Satan uses his power to destroy life. God used his power to reconcile the world to Himself. Satan would use his power to separate us from our source of life, God. God would tell us the truth. Satan would tell us a lie. Who will you choose?

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