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  • Writer's pictureSharon

DANIEL 8:14A THE QUALIFICATIONS OF OUR HIGH PRIEST

Updated: Dec 17, 2022

CHAPTER 14 A



I remember a woman telling me how she was violated by a man. She described how filthy she felt afterward. She could not get clean enough, warm enough, or feel safe enough. She felt guilt, shame, and fear. It was only with time for healing, the love of God shown her through friends, and the understanding of cleansing power of Jesus that helped her to stop thinking about what happened to her. I think this is how God’s church felt after being violated by the devil through the “man of sin”.


In the following study we will learn what is significant about the 2300-day prophecy or what commences with “the cleansing of the sanctuary”. I have divided it into 3 parts. In Old Testament times, the Day of Atonement was also the “cleansing of the sanctuary.” We will learn the part the High Priest performed, what it means to be cleansed, and we will look at the prophetic time aspect of the “cleansing of the sanctuary.


To understand the “cleansing of the sanctuary” we need to refresh ourselves regarding the big picture of Daniel 8.


Daniel 8 starts with the Ram being the kings of the Medes and the Persians as they free Israel and enable or use their power to restore Israel’s place of worship (the temple or sanctuary) and form of government to them. Then the He-Goat being Greece comes and violently takes the kingdom from the Medes and the Persians and through intermarriage and education infects the whole kingdom with its philosophy and idol worship. During this process, the kingdom of Israel also is in the middle of a Greek world empire with Greek influence. Then Greece falls to the Romans but the Greek influence never stops. During most of Roman pre-Byzantine rule, Israel is persecuted and destroyed. Eventually the Roman Byzantine empire forms a church/state type government which rules the world both religiously and as a state government. Though this power looks Christian, Satan uses it to regain his foothold on the hearts of men through force, subtilty in education, and marrying the church with pagan ideas. This state, extremely influenced by Greek/pagan worship in its organization works to oppose the true government of God during the 1260 years of papal oppression. Over time, the true worship and knowledge of God is polluted.


By the end of the whole vision, the temple of God which represents God’s meeting place with His people needs a cleansing or justifying experience.



Daniel 8:14 And he said unto me, Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed. https://www.kingjamesbibleonline.org/Daniel-Chapter-8/


The Hebrew word translated “cleansed” means to make right.


CLEANSED H6663

צָדַק tsâdaq, tsaw-dak'; a primitive root; to be (causatively, make) right (in a moral or forensic sense):—cleanse, clear self, (be, do) just(-ice, -ify, -ify self), (be turn to) righteous(-ness). https://www.blueletterbible.org/lang/Lexicon/Lexicon.cfm?strongs=H6663&t=KJV


That is exactly what the cleansing of the sanctuary is all about, justification or making things right again. We will look at scripture to understand. Christ gives us the best start. During His lifetime on earth, He cleansed or justified the temple twice.



Christ cleansed the sanctuary once at the beginning of his ministry and once at the end. Notice it happened at Passover each time. This is significant because the Bible tells us there is no remission of sins without the blood of Christ.


He, the spotless Lamb or Son of God, alone could pay the ransom for man’s freedom from sin. The highest angel or man could not do it. Their life belonged to God as created beings. They could not surrender it. But Christ is the eternal self-existing Son of God. Nothing less than the Son of God could save us! Even if we died for the penalty of our sin, we could not give ourselves life. And we have no righteousness to give. We have no way to bridge the separation that sin causes between God and the sinner. An act by a mere created being or man, could not avail or equal the wrong done by transgression of the law of God. No, it would trivialize the law of God and the character of the Author of that law, God Himself. To show the true character of God, would take an act of God. Christ was God, and condescending to be made flesh, He assumed humanity and became obedient unto death, that He might undergo infinite sacrifice and take our place in the penalty for sin. But the motive was love, to save the sinner, not to justify God. God need not be justified. He is, after all, God. But He wanted us to love Him. Love cannot be bought or sold. Love is a gift. So, to save us, He gave us His Son, precious Gift of God!


First, to cleanse the sanctuary, Jesus must come to the sanctuary! Christ came to the temple to dwell there but first He must cleanse it. His presence literally began the purification process. This is the case throughout history and today spiritually. We know about the earthly sanctuary which traveled in the wilderness with the cloud of God’s presence. We know about Solomon’s temple also blessed by the presence of God in the presence of the Shekinah Glory. For these structures the presence of God was symbolized by the cloud of glory.


Later the Jews returning from Babylon reconstructed the temple during the days of the kings of the Medes and Persians under the leadership of people like Ezra and Nehemiah and Zechariah. This temple was refurbished once again just before the days of Christ by King Herod. This temple was destroyed by Rome in AD 70. This temple did not have a cloud of glory representing God’s presence, but rather was blessed even more by the presence of God in the human form of His Son.


Furthermore, each of our bodies is a temple of God.



Finally, there is a temple that all these temples are patterned after in heaven, not made with hands.




The temple was to be a place where God meets or dwells with man.


His Presence cannot dwell with evil. So everywhere Jesus went there was healing of body and mind and casting out of demons. His Presence resulted in change. We cannot come into the High and Holy Place of His Presence and stay the same.

Jesus, when He came to this earth, He was literally God dwelling among us, even within His human body or temple.

Matthew 1:23 Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us. https://www.kingjamesbibleonline.org/Matthew-Chapter-1/


Ever since Christ ascended He says,


Matthew 28:20 Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world.Amen.


God is with us. We have temples to be aware of today. Are they in need of a cleansing?


In Old Testament Israel ceremonial law, there was a day once a year that the High Priest would go into the Most Holy Place of the temple of God into the very Presence of God and perform a ceremony called the cleansing of the sanctuary, the people and the altar. This happened on the Day of Atonement in the autumn of the year. This ceremony can help us to understand more about the meaning of the Cleansing of the Sanctuary in Daniel 8:14.


Leviticus 16:30 For on that day shall the priest make an atonement for you, to cleanse you, that ye may be clean from all your sins before the

LORD.


QUALIFICATIONS OR CHARACTERISTICS OF OUR HIGH PRIEST


Not just anyone could perform the cleansing of the sanctuary service on the Day of Atonement. It had to be the High Priest. And He had to come in with certain qualifications:


Each of these qualifications spiritually pointed to Christ and none other! Let us look at the High Priest qualifications as he symbolizes Christ, our High Priest.


1. Christ is our High Priest and was called, as well as earned that position by becoming one of us, suffering, trusting and obeying His Father in Heaven even as we must.


2. Christ is also represented by the young bullock or sin offering for himself.

Leviticus 16:3 Thus shall Aaron come into the holy place: with a young bullock for a sin offering, and a ram for a burnt offering. https://www.kingjamesbibleonline.org/Leviticus-Chapter-16/

2 Corinthians 5:21 For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him. https://www.kingjamesbibleonline.org/2-Corinthians-Chapter-5/



3. Christ is also represented by the ram or burnt offering for himself and the other ram for the people. He volunteered to be our substitute and surety, the motive being the fire of a jealous love for us and for the Father as well as complete trust and obedience in the Father.


Leviticus 16:3 Thus shall Aaron come into the holy place: with a young bullock for a sin offering, and a ram for a burnt offering. https://www.kingjamesbibleonline.org/Leviticus-Chapter-16/

Genesis 22:13 And Abraham lifted up his eyes, and looked, and behold behind hima ram caught in a thicket by his horns: and Abraham went and took the ram, and offered him up for a burnt offering in the stead of his son. https://www.kingjamesbibleonline.org/Genesis-Chapter-22/


4. Christ is also represented as our intercessor wearing the holy linen garments of righteousness and the mitre or crown of life.





James 1:12 Blessed is the man that endureth temptation: for when he is tried, he shall receive the crown of life, which the Lord hath promised to them that love him. https://www.kingjamesbibleonline.org/James-Chapter-1/


5. Christ is also represented as born of man washing his flesh in water or public commitment of His humanity to God to be a Son of God.




6. Christ is also represented by the sacrificial goat or sin offering for the people. Goats represent the leaders of the earth. Christ is the Chief of the princes of the earth.



“Chief ones” of the earth=


עַתּוּד ʻattûwd, at-tood'; or עַתֻּד ʻattud; from H6257; prepared, i.e. full grown; spoken only (in plural) of he-goats, or (figuratively) leaders of the people:—chief one, (he) goat, ram. https://www.blueletterbible.org/lang/lexicon/lexicon.cfm?Strongs=H6260&t=KJV




7. Christ is represented by the censer of burning coals of fire with sweet incense representing His fragrant love.






8. Christ is also represented by the sacrifice of His life in place of ours and the atoning blood that cleanses and heals the heart at the Mercy Seat where the blood is sprinkled.




CHAPTER SUMMARY


For 1260 years God’s church had been violated by the devil through the “Man of Sin”. Over time, the true worship and knowledge of God was polluted. By the end of the 2300-day vision of Daniel 8, the temple of God which represents God’s meeting place with His people needed a cleansing or justifying experience.


The Hebrew word translated cleansed means to make right. Jesus gave us two examples of the cleansing of the sanctuary during His lifetime on earth. The first was at the beginning of His three and a half years of ministry and the second was at the end of it. It happened at Passover each time. Passover is significant because the Bible tells us there is no remission of sins without the blood of the Lamb, Jesus Christ.


He, the spotless Lamb or Son of God, alone could pay the ransom for man’s freedom from sin. The highest angel or man could not do it. Their life belonged to God as created beings. They could not surrender it. But Christ is the eternal self-existing Son of God. Nothing less than the Son of God could save us! Even if we died for the penalty of our sin, we could not give ourselves life. And we have no righteousness to give. We have no way to bridge the separation that sin causes between God and the sinner. An act by a mere created being or man, could not avail or equal the wrong done by transgression of the law of God. No, it would trivialize the law of God and the character of the Author of that law, God Himself. To show the true character of God, would take an act of God. Christ was God, and condescending to be made flesh, He assumed humanity and became obedient unto death, that He might undergo infinite sacrifice and take our place in the penalty for sin. But the motive was love, to save the sinner, not to justify God. God need not be justified. He is, after all, God. But He wanted us to love Him. Love cannot be bought or sold. Love is a gift. So, to save us, He gave us His Son, precious Gift of God!


First, to cleanse the sanctuary, Jesus must come to the sanctuary! Christ came to the temple to cleanse it. His presence literally began the purification process. This is the case throughout history and today spiritually.


There are several scriptural temples. We know about the earthly sanctuary which traveled in the wilderness with the cloud of God’s presence. We know about Solomon’s temple also blessed by the presence of God in the presence of the Shekinah Glory. There was the temple reconstructed by Israel during the days of the Kings of the Medes and Persians under the leadership of people like Ezra and Nehemiah and Zechariah and refurbished once again just before the days of Christ by King Herod. This temple was destroyed by Rome in AD 70 but first was blessed even more by the presence of God in the human form of His Son. Finally, temples that the New Testament, post cross, scripture talks of are the temples of our hearts to patterned after the temple of heaven being the body of Jesus Christ in heaven. We find the temple to be a place where God meets or dwells with man.


His Presence cannot dwell with evil. So everywhere Jesus went there was healing of body and mind and casting out of demons. His Presence resulted in change. We cannot come into the High and Holy Place of His Presence and stay the same.

Jesus, when He came to this earth, He was literally God dwelling among us, even within His human body or temple.


Ever since Christ ascended He says, “I am with you always, even unto the end of the world.”

God wants to dwell with us. We are the temples of God. Are our temples in need of a cleansing?


In Old Testament Israel ceremonial law, there was a day once a year that the High Priest would go into the Most Holy Place of the temple of God into the very Presence of God and perform a ceremony called “the cleansing of the sanctuary, the people, and the altar.” This happened on the Day of Atonement in the autumn of the year. This ceremony can help us to understand more about the meaning of the Cleansing of the Sanctuary in Daniel 8:14.


Not just anyone could perform the cleansing of the sanctuary service on the Day of Atonement. It had to be the High Priest. And He had to come in with certain qualifications:


Each of these qualifications of the High Priest spiritually pointed to Christ and none other!


We looked at the High Priest as he symbolizes Christ on the Day of Atonement and found out the following:


Christ is our High Priest and was called, as well as earned that position by becoming one of us and suffering, trusted and obeyed His Father in Heaven even as we must.


Christ is also represented by the young bullock or sin offering for Himself.


Christ is also represented by the ram or burnt offering for himself and the other ram for the people. It was voluntary in nature, the motive being the fire of a jealous love for us and for the Father as well as complete trust and obedience in the Father.


Christ is also represented as our Intercessor wearing the Priestly holy linen garments of righteousness and mitre or crown of life.


Christ is also represented as born of man washing his flesh in water or public commitment of His humanity to God to be a Son of God.


Christ is also represented by the sacrificial goat or sin offering for the people. Goats represent the leaders of the earth. Christ is the Chief of the princes of the earth.


Christ is represented by the censer of burning coals of fire with sweet incense representing the merits of His love.


Christ is also represented by the sacrifice of His life in place of ours and the atoning blood that cleanses and heals the heart at the Mercy Seat where the blood is sprinkled upon our hearts and minds to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.


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